Query Processing in DBMS
In this Article About Query Processing in DBMS
The query language processor is responsible for receiving query language statements and changing them from the English-like syntax of the query language to a form the DBMS can understand. The query language processor usually consists of two separate parts: the parser and the query optimizer.
The parser receives query language statements from application programs or command-line utilities and examines the syntax of the statements to ensure they are correct. To do this, the parser breaks a statement down into basic units of syntax and examines them to make sure each statement consists of the proper component parts. If the statements follow the syntax rules, the tokens are passed to the query optimizer.
The query optimiser examines the query language statement, and tries to choose the best and most efficient way of executing the query. To do this, the query optimizer will generate several query plans in which operations are performed in different orders, and then try to estimate which plan will execute most efficiently. When making this estimate, the query optimizer may examine factors such as: CPU time, disk time, network time, sorting methods, and scanning methods.
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