Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
Type- 2: Based on Vocabularies – Normally when a student memorizes vocabularies, he is under an impression that questions based on vocabularies come only in synonyms and antonyms. Questions based on vocabularies come in sentence improvement too where the student is tested not only for his knowledge of the meaning of the given words but also how they should be used in the given sentence. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
The student is expected to be capable enough to choose the most appropriate word from the given options and improve the language of the sentence. Apart from this some questions are also based on One Word Substitution.
01.The relatives comforted the old man whose wife had died.
(A) sympathized with (B) pitied (C) consoled (D) No improvement
02.They obtained the top-secret information by wrong means
(A) clever (B) fraudulent (C) bad (D) No improvement
03.He took disadvantage of the situation and cheated many people.
(A) chance (B) advantage (C) disapproval (D) No improvement.
4. The increasing sale of luxuries is an index of the country’s prosperity.
(A) appendix (B) pointer (C) mark (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
05.He kept us all in suspension regarding his future plans..
(A) suspending (B) suspense (C) suspicion (D) No improvement
06.During the recent floods, we waded through waist-deep water for almost half a kilometer.
(A) shuffled through (B) walked over (C) skipped through (D) No improvement
07. In Gujarat, communal violence and rioting ignited up twice in the late seventies and early eighties.
(A) flared (B) burned (C) took (D) No improvement
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08. The underlining assumption is that the amount of money available is limited.
(A) undermining (B) underlying (C) underwhelming (D) No improvement
09. He is one who gives money or helps others who has been instrumental in the upliftment of many. poverty stricken people.
(A) a philosopher (B) a philatelist (C) a philanthropist (D) No improvement
10. When those whom he had injured accused him of being a charlatan he retorted curtly that he had never been a quack.
(A) libertine (B) sycophant (C) plagiarist (D) No improvement
11. You must remind me to post the letters.
(A) remember me (B) have remind me (C) have remembered me (D) No improvement
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Sentence Improvement For SSC CGL
12. Suddenly a pigeon faltered out of the rubble.
(A) fluttered (B) flustered (C) frittered (D) No improvement
13. I do not like these kind of novels. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
(A) this kind (B) those kind (C) this kinds (D) No improvement
14. Unity in diversity is the most noticeable quality of India.
(A) popular (B) remarkable (C) famous (D) no improvement
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15. Sordid and sensational books tend to vitiate the public taste.
(A) divide (B) distract (C) distort (D) No improvement
16.His Master’s thesis was highly estimated and is now being prepared for publication.
(A) was highly discussed (B) was highly commended (C) is highly appraised (D) No improvement
17. The false appearance of the building erected for the function was blown away in the storm.
(A) Exterior (B) Facade (C) Skeleton (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
18. She has decided to canvas for the Conservative Party.
(A) advertise (B) canvass (C) canvassing (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
19. The policeman captured the first car that approached and ordered the driver to take the injured child to the hospital.
(A) caught (B) commandeered (C) interrupted (D) No improvement
20. They objected to the plan on the grounds that it was too expensive.
(A) refused (B) declined (C) disagreed (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
21. The people criticized the terrorist attack.
(A) condoned (B) condemned (C) conceded (D) No improvement
22. The judge asked the lawyer to be consistent with proof in the case.
(A) corroboration (B) documents (C) evidence (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
23. I grew up in a tiny town called Alwar.
(A) a minute town (B) a humungous town (C) a small town (D) No improvement
24. The boy wanted to ask his father for money, but waited for a propitious occasion.
(A) protective (B) prophetic (C) prospective (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
25. The host offered me tea but I denied it. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
(A) said no (B) rejected (C) refused (D) No improvement
26. How can anyone sympathize with you when what you say is hardly gullible?
(A) credible (B) incredible (C) credulous (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
27. Poisonous waste from the industrial plants is hazardous to the environment.
(A) toxic (B) troublesome (C) effluent (D) No improvement
28. Owing to the close affinity of the architect and the builder, the project was completed ahead of schedule.
(A) termination (B) cooperation (C) collaboration (D) No improvement
29. The servant was disturbed as her son was now out of sight due to bad company.
(A) out of bounds (B) out of control (C) out of reach (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
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30. The Japanese are hardly working people.
(A) a hard working people (B) a hardly working people (C) hard working people (D) No improvement
Type 3: Based on the use of the best verb/ word in the given action/sentence – This type of questions is easier for students who develop reading habits. Due to regular reading habit, they choose the most appropriate word conveniently.
For eg: In the sentence ‘I did a mistake’, they can easily locate the mistake and will point out that ‘made’ will come in the place of ‘did’ as we normally say, “I made a mistake”. In the same way, ‘All of a at once’ is wrong as they, time and again, while reading have come across ‘all of a sudden’. Here, I feel, that it is mandatory to mention that reading is a fruitful habit. We imbibe the meaning and usage of many words automatically if we make reading a habit. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
01. Keats says the idea very well in his poems.
(A) speaks (B) describes (C) expresses (D) No improvement
02. The enemy soldiers went back hastily.
(A) returned (B) retreated (C) retrenched (D) No improvement
03. I will be giving blood in the hospital at 9.00 a.m. tomorrow.
(A) exchanging (B) contributing (C) donating (D) No improvement
04. The suspected couple was taken away from the airport through a side entrance to the police station for interrogation.
(A) whisked (B) rushed (C) guided (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
05. The transport workers have organised a strike asking for more salary.
(A) demanding (B) begging (C) requesting (D) No improvement
06. It was mere affection that stopped him from beating his son:
(A) great (B) much (C) filial (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
07. The British superiority all over Africa and Asia collapsed in the first half of the twentieth century.
(A) domicile (B) residence (C) dominion (D) No improvement
08. Since setting up, the club has produced so many players. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
(A) since its inception (B) since have been set up (C) Being set up (D) No improvement
09. I hope I am going to get fever soon.
(A) fear (B) feel afraid (C) doubt if (D) No improvement
10. When we came out of the cinema, it was falling with rain.
(A) pouring (B) descending (C) dropping (D). No improvement
11. Serious charges of corruption were levied against him. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
(A) put (B) levelled (C) made (D) No improvement
12. A lot of bloodshed could have been saved, had the administration taken timely action.
(A) protected (B) prevented (C) eschewed (D) no improvement
13. The professor has agreed to take remediable classes for the weaker students.
(A) redressal (B) remedial (C) practice (D) some
14. My foot is paining. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
(A) aching (B) ailing (C) hurting (D) No improvement
15. She gave most of her time to dance.
(A) lent (B) spent (C)devoted (D) No improvement
16. Work at the request of your conscience.
(A) behest (B) desires (C) orders (D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
17. Raju requested me to his birthday party tomorrow.
(A) indulged (B) invited (C) inspired (D) No improvement
18. The Prime Minister established a commission to look after the plight of the widows.
(A) formed (B) created (C) set up (D) No improvement
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19. The monkey was seated at the foot of a tree.
(A) bottom (B) end (C) root (D) No improvement
20. He decided to reveal the corruption in his department to the media.
(A) show (B) disclose (C) expose (D) No improvement.
21. My friend won me at tennis. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
(A) succeeded me (B) outran me (C) beat me (D) No improvement
Type- 4: Based on best way of expressing an action – Many times, we are able to convey what we mean but the listener finds it difficult to interpret the meaning of the sentence and then with the help of his common sense, he tries to reason it out. In every language, it is essential that the speaker adopts the most lucid way of expressing his thoughts, ideas and opinions. For eg- In the sentence, ‘I gave the dog biscuit’ the meaning is clear but the sentence will be more lucid and well expressed if we say, “I gave biscuits to the dog”. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
01. The courtiers used to tell the King how efficient an administrator he was all day long.
(A) The courtiers all day long used to tell the King how efficient an administrator he was.
(B) The courtiers used all day long to tell the King how efficient an administrator he was.
(C) The courtiers used to tell the King all day long how efficient an administrator he was.
(D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
02. There followed an awkward silence after Ram declared his love to her.
(A) No improvement (B) Embarrassing silence (C) Clumsy silence (D) A period of embarassment
03. Sleeping, resting and fluids are the best ways to care for a cold.
(A) and that drinking fluids (B) and drinking fluids (C) which drank fluids (D) No improvement
04. By studying AIDS has engaged many researchers in the last decade. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
(A) Important study (B) Now that the study (C) The study of (D) No improvement
05. A good scholar must be precise and possess originality.
(A) must be precise and original Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
(B) must be possess precision and original
( c ) must be precision and possess originality
(D) No improvement
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6. Can any spiritually dead man be so as to have no love for his native country?
(A) Can any man be so spiritually dead as to have no love for his native country?
(B) Can any native man be so dead as to have no love for his spiritual country?
(C) Can any dead man be so as to have no spiritual love for his native country?
(D) No improvement
07. Whenever I doubt about the meaning of a word, I look up my dictionary.
(A) whenever I have a doubt (B) Whenever I am in doubt (C) The moment I doubt (D) No improvement
08. I in black and white must have your terms down.
(A) I must have in black and white your terms down.
(B) I must have your terms in black and white down. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
(C) I must have your terms down in black and white.
(D) No improvement
09. We have been credibly informed that the murderer has given himself up.
(A) We have been informed that the murderer has credibly given himself
(b) We have been informed that the murderer has given credibly himself up.
( c ) We have been informed that credibly the murderer has given up himself.
(D) No improvement Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
10. The man whom I thought was thoroughly honest proved to be a swindler.
(A) The man whom I thought was thoroughly honest proved a swindler..
(B) The man who I thought was A thoroughly honest proved to be a swindler.
(C) The man to whom I thought was thoroughly honest proved to be a swindler,
(D) No improvement
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11. Riding upon his horse, the tiger jumped at him.
(A) Riding upon the tiger, the horse jumped at him
(B) The tiger jumped at him while he was riding upon his horse.
(C) The tiger rode at him while he was jumping upon his horse. (D) No improvement
12. What do you for go to school ?
(A) For what do you go to’ school?
(B) What do you go for to school?
(C) What do you go to school for?
(D) No improvement
13. He pleased the directors and this completed his report in good time.
(A) He pleased the directors in good time and this completed his report,
(B) He completed his report in good time and this pleased the directors.
(C) He pleased the directors and completed his report and this in good time.
(D) No improvement
Type- 2: Answer
1.(C) Change ‘comforted into ‘consoled’. When a person is very sad, weeping or mourning, we console him.
2.(B) Change ‘wrong’ into ‘fraudulent. Fraudulent – Done to trick someone for the purpose of getting something valuable – कपटपूर्ण
3.(B) Change ‘disadvantage’ into ‘advantage’: ‘Disadvantage’ means ‘shortcomings’. ‘Undue advantage’ is a more appropriate word for this sentence.
4 ( D )
5.(B) Suspense – A feeling of excitement caused by wondering what will happen Suspension – The act of making something invalid usually for a short period of time. Suspicion – A feeling of doubt. Change ‘suspension’ into ‘suspense’.
6 ( d ) :- Waded – to walk through water – पानी में चलना
Shuffled – to rearrange to produce random order – उलट – पलट करना
Skipped – to pass by or leave out – छोड़ जाना
7.(A) Change ‘ignited’ into ‘flared’. Ignite – to set on fire. . ‘Flare-up’ means a sudden occurrence or expression of anger or an occurrence in which something (such as violence) suddenly begins- भड़कना
8.(B) Underlying – used to identify the idea, cause, problem. Underlining – To draw a line under. Change ‘underlining’ into underlying’.
9.(C) One who gives money or helps others – A philanthropist.
10.(D) Charlatan – A person who falsely pretends to know or be something in order to deceive people – धोखेबाज
Sycophant – A person who praises powerful people in order to get their approval – चापलूस
Libertine – A person who leads an immoral life – अनैतिक जीवन जीने वाला
Both ‘charlatan’ and ‘quack’ mean the same. Hence we need no improvement.
11.(D) Remind- To make someone think about something again – याद दिलाना
Remember – To have in your mind – याद रखना
12.(A) Fluttered – to move or flap the wings quickly without flying – फड़फड़ाना
Faltered – to begin to walk or move in an unsteady way -लड़खड़ाना
Flustered – to make (someone) nervous and confused – घबड़ा देना
Frittered – to break into small fragment – टुकड़े करना Change ‘faltered into ‘fluttered’ as pigeons flutter their wings.
13.(A) ‘These’ and ‘those’ will take plural nouns (Kinds). ‘This’ and ‘that’ will take singular noun (kind). Hence only option (A) is correct.
14.(B) Noticeable – Able to be easily seen or noticed Remarkable-unusual or surprising. Change ‘noticeable’ into ‘remarkable’ which is a better option.
15.(D) Distract – to take attention away from someone or something – ध्यान भटकाना
Distort – to change something so that it is no longer of the same shape or size or true or accurate – रूप बिगाड़ना
Vitiate – to ruin or spoil something – भ्रष्ट करना
Sordid – Immoral – अनैतिक
16.(B) Change ‘was highly estimated’ into ‘was highly commended’. Commended – express approval of- तारीफ करना
Appraise – to estimate the value of – आकलन करना
17.(B) Facade – the front of a building -किसी इमारत का सामने का भाग
18.(B) Canvas – Coarse cloth – मोटा कपडा
Canvass-Visit houses to get political support, – घूम – घूम कर वोट मांगना
Change ‘canvas’ into ‘canvass’.
19.(B) Commandeered – To take by force especially for military purposes. Change ‘captured into commandeered’ Here the purpose was not to seize or impound but to take the injured child to the hospital. Hence commandeered is the best option.
20.(D) Decline – Refuse to accept an offer Refuse – show unwillingness towards. But both ‘decline’ and ‘refuse’ are not followed by ‘to’. Hence ‘no improvement’ is the best option.
21.(B) Condemned – Express strong disapproval of change criticized’ into ‘condemned’ which is a stronger word. 22.(C) Evidence – material that is presented to a court of law to help find the truth about something – सबूत Change ‘proof into ‘evidence’
23.(C) Change ‘a tiny town’ into ‘a small town’. Tiny – very small — बहुत छोटा
Humongous – very large —विशालकाय
24.(D) Propitious — likely to have or produce good results – शुभ
Prophetic – correctly stating what will happen in the future – भविष्यवक्ता या भविष्यवाणी संबंधित
25.(C) Deny – To declare untrue – किसी बात की सत्यता का खंडन करना
Refuse – Show unwillingness towards – मना करना
Change ‘denied’ into ‘refused’.
26.(A) ‘Hardly credible’ means ‘that cannot be believed’. Gullible – easily deceived – आसानी से बेफकूफ बनने वाला
Credible – capable of being believed -विश्वाश करने योग्य
Incredible-that cannot be believed – अविश्वसनीय
Change ‘gullible’ into ‘credible’.
27.(A) Change ‘poisonous’ into ‘toxic’. Effluent – liquid (such as sewage) that is released as waste – गन्दा बहने वाला पानी
Toxic – containing poisonous substance – जहरीला
‘Toxic waste’ is used more and is hence a common and better option.
28.(C) Change ‘affinity’ into ‘collaboration’. Affinity – An attraction to something – आकर्षण
Collaboration – To work with another person – साथ में
29.(B) Change ‘out of sight into ‘out of control We get out of control if we are in bad company.
30.(C) (As adverb) Hardly – Rarely – मुश्किल से
Hard – with effort – मेहनत से
Change ‘hardly working people’ into ‘hard working people’.
TYPE – 3 Answers
1.(C) We express our ideas. We don’t speak or describe ideas.
2.(B) Retreated – movement by soldiers away
from an enemy – मोर्चा छोड़ना
Change went back into ‘retreated’. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
3.(C) Change ‘giving’ into donating’ We donate blood.
4.(A) Whisked – to move or take someone or something to another place very quickly – जल्दी से हटा लेना
Change ‘taken away into whisked’.
5.(A) ‘Asking for means ‘demanding’ but demanding’ is a stronger word and suits the context of the sentence. Change ‘asking for’ into ‘demanding’.
6. ( c ) .Filial – of or relating to a son or daughter – संतान सबंधित
Mere – to denote that something is unimportant. -महत्वहीन Change ‘ vmere’ into ‘filial’.
7.(C) Dominion – the power to rule control a country- अधिराज्य
Change ‘superiority’ into dominion’. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
8.(A) Change ‘since setting up into ‘since its inception’. ‘Since its setting up would have been correct but its’ was missing.
9.(A) Change ‘hope’ into ‘fear’. He hope for something good and we fear of something bad that may happen.
10.(A) Change ‘falling with’ into ‘pouring’.
11.(B) Change levied into ‘levelled? Levied – An amount of money that must be paid and that is collected by a government – कर इत्यादि का लगाना Levelled — to aim or direct
Eg:- to level a charge of fraud.
12. ( b ) Change ‘saved’ into ‘prevented’. We prevent bloodshed to save people. Eschew – to avoid (something) especially because one does not think it is right, proper etc -परहेज करना
Remediable – capable of being solved or cured – उपचार योग्य Remedial – Done to make something better – सुधारात्मक Change ‘Remediable’ into ‘Remedial’.
14.(A) We have stomach ache or head ache. ‘Ache’ is a common word for body pain.
15.(C) Change ‘gave’ into devoted’ He devote time to learn some art or skill. Devote ‘to’ dance is the correct sentence formation.
16.(A) Behest – An authoritative order or urgent prompting Change ‘request into ‘behest’. We do something good at the behest of our conscience. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
17.(B) Change frequested’ into “invited’. Indulge – to allow to do something – स्वीकृति देना Inspire – to make someone want to do
something – प्रेरणा देना
18.(C) A commission is set up.
19.(D) ‘Foot of the tree/ mountain’ means ‘at the lower end of or the bottom of the tree or mountain. . ‘ *
20.(C) Expose – To reveal (something hidden, dishonest, etc)
Change ‘reveal’ into ‘expose’. Sentence improvement For SSC CGL
21.(C) ‘To beat someone’ means ‘to defeat’.
TYPE – 4 Answers
- (C) 5. (D) 9. (D) 13. (B)
- (A) 6. (A) 10. (B)
- (B)4. (C) 7. (A)8. (C) 11. (B)12. (C)