TGT Maths Syllabus

TGT Maths Syllabus

TGT Full Form 

TGT का Full Form :-  Trained Graduate Teacher है। TGT एक शिक्षक के लिए एक शब्द है जिसका शिक्षण प्रशिक्षण { Teacher Training } पूरा हो चुका है। टीजीटी एक कोर्स के रूप में नहीं जाना जाता है, लेकिन यह Graduate Trained in Education  है। दि कोई व्यक्ति स्नातक है और उसने B.Ed  पूरा कर लिया है, तो वह व्यक्ति TGT (Trained Graduate Teacher) है 

TGT Maths Syllabus 

Unit I:

  1. Linear equation in two variable: Pairs of d linear equation  two variables, condition for consistency and inconsistency, solution of pair of linear f equations two variables, algebraic d method of solving a pair of linear equation, substitution method, elimination method , cross multiplication method.

2.Principle of Mathematical Induction. :- Process of proof by induction, the principle of mathematical induction and its simple application. 

3.Complex number and quadratic equation:- Need for complex number -1 to motivate by inability to solve quadratic equation x + 1 = 0, Brief description of Properties of complex numbers. Argand plane and polar representation of a complex number, solution of quadratic equation in the complex number system. 

4.Linear In equation: – Linear inequation, solution of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line. Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables. Solution of a system of linear inequalities in two variables. Solution of system of linear inequalities in two variables graphical 

5.Permutations and Combinations: – Fundamental Principle of counting, factorial n (n!). Permutations and combinations and their simple applications.

 6. Binomial Theorem: – Statements and proof of the binomial theorem for positive integral indices. General and Middle terms in binomial expansion, simple application.

7.Sequence and Series:- Sequence and series, Arithmetic progression (A.P), Arithmetic Mean (A.M). Geometric Progression (G.P), Geometric Mean (G.M), sum of n terms of A.P and G.P, General terms of A.P & G.P, relation between A.M to G.M, sum of n terms of the special series Σn ( sum of first n natural numbers), Σn2‘ (sum of square of first n natural numbers) and Σn3‘ (sum of cubes of first n natural numbers)



Area of a triangle using Heron’s formula and its application in finding the area of a quadrilateral, surface area and volume of cubes, cuboids, cone, cylinder, spheres and hemisphere.


Introduction of statistics, collection of data, presentation of data in tabular form, Mean, median, mode of ungrouped and grouped data, mean deviation and standard deviation of ungrouped and grouped data, variance.

Unit IV:

Matrices and Determinants:- Concept, notion order , equality, types of matrices, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skews metric matrices. Addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication of matrices, simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication, Concept of elementary row and column  transformation, Invertible matrices. Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3×3 order), properties of determinant, Minors and co- factors and application of determinants in finding the area of a triangle, Adjoint and inverse of a matrix, solving a system of linear equations in two or three variable (having unique solution ) using inverse of a matrix.


 Multiplication theorem on probability, conditional probability independent events, total probability, Baye’s theorem , Random variables and probability distribution, mean and variance of random variable, Bernoulli’s trails and Binomial distribution.


Vector and scalars, Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector, types of vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, section formula, scalar(dot) product and vector (cross) Product of two vectors, projection of a vector on another vector, scalar and vector product of three vectors.



Continuity and differentiability, derivative of composite function, chain rule, derivative of inverse trigonometric function, derivative of implicit function, Concept of exponential and logarithmic function and their derivatives. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of function expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivative. Application of derivatives rate of change of quantities, increasing and decreasing functions, tangents and normals, maxima and minima, approximation. 


Integration as inverse process of differentiation, integration of a variety of functions by substation, by partial fraction and by parts, Definite integrals, Some Properties of definite integrals, Application of integrals in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines / circles /parabolas /ellipses in standard form only) and area between the two above said curves.


Definition, order and degree, general and particular solution of a differential equation, Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given, Solution of differential equation by method of separation of variables, homogenous differential equation of first order and first degree, Solution of linear differential equations of the form dy/dx + py= q where p and q are functions of x or constants (or dx/dy + Py = Q where P, Q are functions of y or constants)


Co-ordinate Geometry, the Cartesian plane, co-ordinates of a point in Cartesian plane, distance between two points, sections formula, area of a triangle, straight line, slope of a line, various forms of equation of a line, general equation of a line distance of a point form a line, Conic section, eclipse, parabola, hyperbola, circle, pair of straight lines. Homogenous equation of 2nd degree, angle between a pair of straight lines, Condition for general equation of 2nd  degree to represent a pair of straight lines , vector and Cartesian form of equation of straight lines in space. Shortest distance between two lines in space and equation of shortest distance,

Vector and Cartesian equation of a plane, General equation of a sphere, intersection of plane and sphere ,equation of a tangent plane.


Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right angled triangle, relationship between the trigonometric ratios, trigonometric identities, trigonometric ratios of complementary angles, height and distances.

Positive and negative angles, measuring angles in radian and degree and their conversion from one measure to another measure. Identities related to sin2x, Cos 2x, tan2x, sin3x, Cos3x and tan3x. General solution of trigonometric equation of the type of sinx = sina, cosx= cosa and tanx=tana. Simple application of sine and cosine formula, Inverse trigonometric function: definition, domain, range and principle value branch. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric function, De-moivre’s theorem for rational indices, expansion of sinnx and cosnx in power of x, exponential expression for circular function and its arguments, Gregory’s Series, hyperbolic function.


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TGT Maths Syllabus
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