URL Full Form
What is URL ?
The full form of URL is Uniform Resource Locator. This is a formatted text string that is used in web browsers, email clients or any other software to find a network resource. Network resources can be any files such as web pages, text documents, graphics or programs. URL Full Form
Any URL has three parts
- Protocol Designation
- Host Name or Address
- File or Resource Location
Special characters are used to separate all these substrings. Whose format is something like this.
URL Protocol Substrings
This type of protocol defines the network protocol so that a network resource can be easily accessed. These strings are often short names followed by three special characters “://” This is a typical name conversion which denotes the protocol definition. Typical Protocols that are used are such as HTTP (http://), FTP (ftp://) etc. URL Full Form
URL Host Substrings
With the help of Host Substring, any destination computer or network device can be identified. Hosts come only from the standard Internet database such as DNS and which we also know by the name of IP addresses. The hostname of many websites does not represent just a single computer, but it shows that it is a group of WebServers. URL Full Form
URL Location Substrings
Location Substring shows the path of a particular network which is present in that host. Resouces mainly resides in a host directory or folder.
URL Full Form
The full form of URL is Uniform Resource Locator which represents the page of a website, or takes you to a web page. URL is the address of any file or web site in the Internet. URL was started by Tim Berners Lee in 1994. URL Full Form
The unique name or address of a website from which it is known, recognized and used on the Internet is called its URL. It is also called Uniform Resource Locator. The general form of a web address is as follows.
Here type tells the type of the server from which that file is available and address tells the address of that site. For example, the URL of a web portal http://www.yahoo.com has the type of http server and www.yahoo.com is its address. When we want to open a website, its URL is typed in the address box. If no server type is provided, it is assumed to be http. We can also open that web page directly by adding the path of a web page to the URL of its website. URL Full Form
The complete URL of a website is formed by adding a dot (.) between all these parts. Only a colon (:) and two slashes (//) are followed by the name of the protocol, e.g. http://www.yahoo.com URL Full Form
What are the 5 parts of a URL?
- HTTP: – The first part is http ie hypertext transfer protocol, with the help of which data transfer is done on the Internet. URL Full Form
- Domain Name:- The second part is the domain name which is the address of a particular website.
- www:- This is a service. URL Full Form
- Yahoo:- This is the name of the organization.
- .com :- This is the domain extension, which shows what type of website is.
The domain name identifies the purpose of the website. For example, the .com domain name here indicates that it is a business site. Similarly, non-profit organizations like .org and schools and universities use .edu domain names. Generally the following 6 types of domains are used.
• .com – Commercial Website (For Business Organization)
• .Edu – Education Website (For Educational Institution)
• .Gov – Government Website (For Government Institutions)
• .Mil – Military Website (For Military Institute)
• .org- Organization Website (For Organization Institute)
History of the URL
About Uniform Resource Locators Tim Berners-Lee was the first to bring this technology to the world. Who first brought this idea in front of everyone that such an organization which provides unique locational address to all web pages.
So that they can be easily searched online. After creating HTML, many pages were created in the World Wide Web using standard language and hyperlinks with it. After that both of them were linked together. Due to which the internet got bigger day by day. URL Full Form
How does Google URL work?
The URL has been designed in such a way that it is easy for people to remember it. But the computer needs information to identify the right website so that it can easily locate the right website. Our browser uses its IP to browse a webpage. IP which we also know as Internet Protocol. This is a series of IP numbers which looks something like this 188.8.131.52 URL Full Form
Just imagine how difficult it would have been if we had to remember all the websites by their IP address. And the wants of internet are probably not as many as they are in this world today. Let me tell you this thing that not all websites have static URLs. Some keep changing from time to time, due to which it is very difficult to reach them. URL Full Form
That’s why we use URLs which are always the same and which are easy to remember. When we type the URL of a website, then the browser then DNS which is also called as Domain Name Server and with the help of this it changes that URL to its corresponding IP. And with the help of which the browser reaches that website. URL Full Form
What is the difference between absolute and relative URLs?
Absolute URLs are called in which all the mentioned sub strings are used. But in some cases only some or one location element is used, such URL is called Relative URL. Relative URLs are used in web servers and web pages as shortcuts to reduce the length of URL strings. URL Full Form
For example, the link of the same website is written in the format of Relative URL and Absolute URL.
Relative URL URL Full Form
equivalent Absolute URL
The best thing that happens in this is that with the help of a web server, all the missing protocols and host information are automatically filled. But keep in mind that relative URLs can be used only in those places where Host and Protocol Information can already be established. URL Full Form
Type Of URLs
Messy: These are those types of URLs in which there are many numbers and letters from which some oraganization sense comes. For example, ‘http://www.example.com/woeiruwoei909305820580’. Generally these URLs are generated by the computer which creates thousands of web pages for the same domain name. URL Full Form
Dynamic: These URLs are also originated from the same place where Messy URLs came from. These URLs are the end result of a database query that provides content output in the result of any query. These also look like Messy URLs in which characters like ?,&,%,+,=,$ appear. They are mainly used in the websites used by the consumer such as any shopping, traveling websites in which the users keep changing their queries frequently so that the answers also keep changing.
Static: These are the exact opposite of any dynamic URL. This URL is completely hard wired with the webpage’s HTML coding. This URL never changes, no matter what the user is requesting.
Obfuscated: This is a very dangerous URL which is used in Phishing Scam. As its name suggests, they are hidden. Which is used very cleverly so that it looks completely original. So when a user clicks it, he redirects them to Malicious Website.
What is the most secure URL?
Secure URLs are websites that start with https:// The URL of such a website is called Secure Url. Which means that even if you enter your personal information in such a website, it gets encrypted before it is transmitted and it is not so easy for any hacker to read it.
For the same reason, if a website asks you about your personal things like your banking details etc. then first of all do not forget to check whether it is a secure URL or not. And such a website should use some Security Protocol in its URL so that the consumer’s information is not misused. I advise you to take special care of all these things before giving any personal information.
Why characters are not used in URLs
We all must know that space is not used in the URL. But we should also know that according to RFC 1738, only alphanumeric characters and other characters like !,$,-,_,*,’,() are used in the string of URL. And if any other characters are used then it has to be encoded.